Breed Standard

As developed by the Lipizzan International Federation, 2001

Definition of the outward appearance

Among the different breeds, the Lipizzan has an exclusive position. This cultural breed is considered to be the most ancient inEurope. As a parade horse, the Lipizzan shows nobleness, expression, and talent for dressage and carriage. He must have a moderate nature (well balanced) and a good character. The body is rectangular and the ideal height is between 155 and 158 cm. at the withers. The traditional grey colour is dominant.

A) Type

Both the riding and driving horse type are accepted in the Lipizzan breed. Both should be judged within its special character, extremes should be disliked. The subconvex profile throughout the body with rounded outlines is typical for the breed.

B) Height

Average height, to be measured at the withers, is for males 155 – 158 cm. at the age of 6. It must be perfected and pointed out by scientific approach. Bigger or smaller horses must be harmonious in extra good breed character.

C) Colour

The grey colour is dominant. Brown and black occur and should remain, all other colours are disliked.

D) Attitude

A natural ability for concentration with a great disposition for collected work in High School and/or large endurance for riding and driving work.

E) Movement

Proud and elevated action. Long elegant and in complete balance in walk, trot, and canter.

F) Head

Well proportioned, of medium length, narrow and dry, with not too pronounced lower jaw and the cheek inclined to be round. A slightly convex profile belongs to the breed character, the too fine (Arabic) and the too convex (ram head) should occur only in low frequency. The eyes intend to be large and dark, expressive and confident, the ears are of medium length, fine and expressive.

G) Neck

Medium length, arched with a narrow mainline, the junction between head and neck is not too narrow, the neck is deep in the base and well inserted between the shoulders, rising up from the withers without interruption.

H) Withers

Well developed and long, not well expressed, with a smooth transition from the back to the neck, always higher than the croup.

I) Chest
Of medium size, deep and muscular.

J) Ribcage
Well developed, deep and not too long, with ribs obliquely arched into the joint with the spinal column.

K) Shoulder
Should be long, sloping and well muscled.

L) Back
Well defined and tending towards the horizontal, making a smooth union between withers and loins.

M) Loins
Short, wide, muscular, slightly convex, well connected with the back and croup, with which they form a continuous harmonious line.

N) Croup
Strong and rounded, well muscled and balanced, slightly sloping, the length must not be shorted than the width, the profile convex and harmonious, with the point of the hip not too pronounced. The tail must not be set too deep, with long and silky hair.

O) Legs
The legs are well muscled, with regular angles. The joints are well proportioned and dry. The upper arm is straight and muscular. The cannons are not too long. The fetlocks are dry with very little hair. The pasterns are of medium length and regularly angled.

P) Hooves
The hooves are hard, of good quality, well defined, and proportional.

Q) Temperament and Character
Noble, generous and ardent, but always gentle, friendly, willing to work, able to bear pressure and directed to men.

2.54 cm. = 1 inch, and 10.16 cm. = 4 inches (one hand)
155 cm. = 61.02 inches or 15h1
158 cm. = 62.20 inches or 15h2